We all know the story of the first Thanksgiving. Held on a fall day so long ago in 1621, the colonists celebrated their first harvest with the Wampanoag native american tribe in Plymouth, MA.
While referenced historically since, it wasn’t until 1863 that President Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving an official holiday. Largely at the behest of writer Sarah Josepha Hale, who had petitioned the president to set aside a national day of thanks, the holiday would be observed every fourth Thursday in November.
Hale, who also edited a popular women’s magazine, Godey’s Lady’s Book, presented a series of articles in her magazine, featuring descriptions of food and recipes now considered ‘typical’ of Thanksgiving, such as roasted turkeys, savory stuffing, and pumpkin pies, helping shape the Thanksgiving tradition as we know it today.
Thanksgiving may be one of the biggest holidays of the year, but traditional dinners today look much different from the first feast in 1621. Holiday staples like mashed potatoes, sweet potatoes and cranberry sauce were likely not present at the first Thanksgiving where they instead dined on waterfowl, venison, ham, lobster, clams, berries, pumpkin and squash.
The White House Cookbook, dated 1887, featured a Thanksgiving menu of oysters on the half shell, cream of chicken soup, fried smelts, sauce tartare, roast turkey, cranberry sauce, mashed potatoes, baked squash, boiled onions, parsnip fritters, olives, chicken salad, venison pastry, pumpkin pie, mince pie, Charlotte russe, almond ice cream, lemon jelly, hickory nut cake, cheese, fruits and coffee.
It was not until the late 1800s that potatoes were introduced to the US by Irish and Scottish immigrants. After that, the traditional Thanksgiving dinner began to transform into the feast we know today.
Thanksgiving Fun Facts:
- The first Thanksgiving celebration lasted 3 days.
- Male turkeys ‘gobble’ and female turkeys ‘cackle’.
- Butterball’s Turkey Talk Line answers about 100K calls every year.
- 46 million turkeys and 50 million pumpkin pies are eaten on Thanksgiving.
- Black Friday is the busiest day of the year for plumbers.
- Benjamin Franklin supported making the wild turkey our national bird.
- The first NFL broadcast was in 1934 (radio) and, with the exception of during WW2, the Detroit Lions have played every Thanksgiving since.
- The name, Black Friday, was created to keep people from shopping the day after Thanksgiving.
“Thanksgiving is one of my favorite days of the year because it reminds us to give thanks and to count our blessings. Suddenly, so many things become so little when we realize how blessed and lucky we are.” – Joyce Giraud
“Thanksgiving, after all, is a word of action.” – W.J. Cameron
“For each new morning with its light, for rest and shelter of the night, for health and food, for love and friends, for everything Thy goodness sends.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson
“I am grateful for what I am and have. My Thanksgiving is perpetual.” – Henry David Thoreau